Sleep Disorder, Symptom, Diagnose and Cure

Sleep disorder is a condition in which you cannot sleep properly. It is a common disease experienced by over 20% of the population. Sleep is important to all of us, so the amount of time we spend while sleeping takes up a third of our lives. Sleep research is rapidly evolving, but we still don’t understand much of sleep, a very important part of our lives. 

There are basically two types of sleep. The first is’REM sleep’, which serves to restore functions related to intellectual work, including memory. It takes up a quarter of a night’s sleep and is related to dreams. The second is’non-REM sleep’, which serves to restore our physical function. It is divided into shallow and deep stages, which are the first three quarters of a night’s sleep. This improper sleep is called sleep disorder.

Cause of Sleep Disorder

Recently, patients with sleep disorders are increasing. The reasons can be thought of as increased stress, aging, substance abuse, and development of traffic (changing sleep cycles).


A symptom of Sleep Disorder

There are various diseases of sleep disorders. Sleep disorders usually fall into sleep anomalies and incident sleep. Sleep anomalies are changes in the sleep-wake cycle, including insomnia, excessive sleep, lethargy, and sleep apnea. There are nightmares, night sickness, sleepwalking, etc. Symptoms seen in various sleep-related disorders include:

① Drowsy
sleep disorder patients often complain of drowsiness during the daytime. Sleepiness, sudden drowsiness, and momentary blanking during the day are one of the symptoms of sleep disorders. Some actions, even walking, suddenly lead to drowsiness.

Sleep apnea often leads to sleepiness during the day. Sleep apnea is an intermittent shortness of breath as you sleep. Patients with sleep apnea snoring to restore breathing. This snoring is accompanied by shortness of breath. Breathing while awake is normal, and I do not know apnea during sleep. During nighttime sleep, the quality of sleep decreases due to repeated occurrences, which leads to a lot of sleep during the day.

Even if you have narcolepsy, you often fall asleep during the day. One of the symptoms of narcolepsy, a dysfunctional seizure is a sudden loss of muscle tension, which results in a partial loss of strength or a complete loss of strength in the body, causing it to collapse. A dysfunctional seizure is usually triggered by surprise, laughter, or anger, that is, emotional stimulation. During a seizure attack, you are conscious, but you cannot move your body.

② Night Terror
Night terror is a symptom of waking up in a chaotic state within a hour of falling asleep. It is mainly seen in children. The pulse beats quickly and has no lasting power, but I can’t remember the content of the dream. Nightmares are not a disease, but a natural dream phenomenon. Just need help if nightmares repeat frequently and seriously interfere with sleep.

③ Sleepwalking
Sleepwalking is usually seen between the ages of 10 and 15. Sleepwalking in adults can be more serious. In the absence of a family history, it can also be related to severe stress.

④ REM sleep behavior disorder
REM sleep behavior disorder is a symptom of hitting a person sleeping next to a patient or getting injured while a patient wakes up in bed. During REM sleep, muscle tension should be normally released, but this loss does not work properly, so the behavior of a dream is the same in reality.

⑤ Sleep Destruction
Sleep destruction at night means waking up several times when you sleep at night. Sometimes I wake up and unconsciously find food and eat it.

⑥ Inhalation/Elevation Hallucinations
Inhalation/Elevation Hallucinations refers to hallucinations that have an intense, vivid, and terrifying experience when you try to fall asleep. Sometimes the five senses are all felt, making it difficult to distinguish them from the real thing. It can appear even if you don’t have a sleep disorder. However, if you are accompanied by sleep paralysis and frequent hallucinations, you may experience severe discomfort, so it is recommended that you seek psychiatric treatment.

⑦ Sleep paralysis
Sleep paralysis refers to symptoms that try to move when you fall asleep or wake up, but cannot move.

Diagnosis of Sleep Disorder

The most important thing when diagnosing sleep disorders is getting information from the person sleeping with the patient. Most of the patients themselves do not know what is happening during sleep. In addition, in some cases, polysomnography may be necessary for confirmation. The polysomnography test is a test that records various information while sleeping, such as brain waves, eye movements, electromyography, snoring, and breathing while the patient sleeps overnight in the sleep lab. Patients with suspected narcolepsy may also have repeated sleep latency tests. This is a test that checks how quickly a patient sleeps during the day and checks if REM sleep is involved.

Cure of Sleep Disorder

The most common type of sleep disorder is insomnia. Insomnia is not treated by taking sleeping pills unconditionally. First of all, non-pharmacological treatments are given to improve sleep habits and sleeping environment. The contents are as follows.

① Avoid naps. If you are really sleepy, take only 10 to 15 minutes of a nap after 5-8 hours of waking up in the morning. Also, set a time to sleep, so if you say 8 hours, don’t lie in bed for more than 8 hours.

② Exercise regularly. However, you must finish your workout six hours before bed.

③ Avoid substances that interfere with sleep. If you smoke, don’t smoke after 7pm. Do not eat caffeinated coffee, tea, cola or chocolate. Alcohol should be avoided if possible.

④ Create an environment suitable for sleep. Keep your watch out of bed and don’t watch it even if you wake up at night. Keep the bedroom dark and quiet and use earplugs or blindfolds if necessary.

⑤ Instead of trying too hard to fall asleep, try to relax and feel comfortable. If you don’t sleep for more than 10 minutes, you get up and do simple, repetitive tasks and wait until you fall asleep.

⑥ The bed must be used only for sleeping. You have to abandon the habit of working in bed.

You may also take sleeping pills with a shorter duration of action, depending on your doctor’s prescription.